Islam and Politics – Level 1

“The Global Politics of Islam,” a unique course, has been developed to deliver solid and sophisticated grounding in understanding and systemic analysis of the correlation between Islam and politics. It covers key aspects, arguments, issues, debates, historical and contemporary political scenarios with respect to the amalgamation or conjecture of Islam and politics and enumerates different ways in which Islam influences democratization and role of Islam in global politics today.

Starting Soon

Financial Aid / Scholarship Available

[gravityform id=”22″ title=”false” description=”false” ajax=”true”]

Registration Deadline: 20th JULY 2019

Main Modules 

1. Islam and Politics – Introduction


  • The relation between Islam and politics
  • The place of politics in Islam
  • The Islamic concept of government
  • The foundation of the Islamic concept: Sovereignty belongs to Allah
  • The meaning of Khilāfah
  • The objectives of Islamic government

2. The Madina Model and Islamic Political Theory


  • The Madina document and political principles
  • The Madani political principles and modern ideas of statecraft- How to reconcile
  • Imam al Ghazali and his political theory
  • Is the Medinan model theocratic?
  • Seeking the Islamic State: Post-Westphalia and the Burden of History
  • The paradigm of the Islamic state – Before the Westphalian Order
  • The paradigm of the Islamic state – After the Westphalian Order
  • Understanding the Western Authoritarianism Models
    • Authoritarianism
    • Authoritarianism and totalitarianism
    • Authoritarianism and democracy
  • The concept of Islamic state and Totalitarianism
  • What is Islamic Political Theor

3. Khulafa Rashideen (Caliphate of the Rightly Guided) – Khilafah (Theory and Practice)


  • Caliphate of Abu Bakr
  • Caliphate of Umar Ibn al-Khattab
  • Caliphate of Uthman Ibn Affan
  • Caliphate of Ali bin Abi Talib
  • The selection process
  • The role of majlis shura
  • Disputes
  • Rights and Duties
  • Administration

4. The Emergence of Kingdom


  • The Ummayyads
  • Al Hasan and Mu’awiyah
  • Mu’awiyah’s caliphate
  • “The killing of Shura”
  • Al- Hussain and the Iraqis, the tragedy of Karbala’
  • Ibn Al-Zubayr and Al-Hajjaj
  • The end of the Rightly Guided Caliphate
  • The emergence of Al-Khawarij (The Kharijites)
  • The emergence of Al-Shi’ah (The Shi’ites)

5. Islamic Political Thoughts -Classical Perspective


  • Defining Islamic political thoughts
  • Historical political experience of the Muslims?
  • Classical political theorists
  • Al-Mawardi (d. 450/1058) – Al-Ahkam Al-Sultaniyah
  • Ibn Taymiyah (661/1263-728/1328) – Al-Siyasah al-Shar’iyah
  • Al-Shatibi’s (d. 790/1388) – Al-Muwafaqat
  • Ibn Khaldun’s (732/1332-808/1406) -Al-Muqaddimah
  • Al Ghazali and his views

6. Muslim Empires, Muslim Politics and Colonialism


  • The Umayyad Empire
  • The Abbasid Empire
  • The Mughal Empire
  • The Ottomans Empire
  • Islamic civilization -An Overview
  • The decline of the Islamic civilisation and the rise of European civilisation
  • From commerce to colonialism
  • Empires and colonial powers

7. Islamic Political Thoughts -Contemporary Approaches (1)


  • 18th and 19th Century Scholars – Political Views
  • Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703-1791)
  • Shah Wali Allah al-Dahlawi (1703-1762)
  • Uthman bin Fudi (Usuman dan Fodio) (1754-1817)
  • Sayyid Ahmad Barelwi (Shahid) (1786-183)
  • Muhammad ibn Ali Al-Sanusi (1787-1859)
  • The Sanusiyah Movement
  • Muhammad Ahmad Al-Mahdi (1844-1885)
  • The Mahdiyyah Movement

8. Islamic Political Thoughts -Contemporary Approaches (2)


  • East-West Rendezvous
    • Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1812)
    • Muhammad Ali Pasha (1769-1849)
    • Uprooting the Wahhabis (1811-1819)
    • Failed Industrialisation
    • Era of Secularisation
  • Key Challenges
    • Decline and Backwardness
    • Colonial Onslaught
    • Admiration of (or Infatuation with) Europe
  • Key Figures
    • Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1838-1897)
    • Muhammad ‘Abduh (1849-1905)
    • Shaikhul Hind Mahmoodul Hasan Deobandi ( 1851-1920)
    • Rashid Rida (1865-1935)
    • Sayyid Abu Al-A’la Maududi (1903-1979)
    • Hasan al-Banna (1906-1949)
    • Malik Bennabi (1905-1973)
    • Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966)
    • Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani ( 1914 – 1977)
    • Shabbir Ahmad Usmani (1887-1949)

9. Islamism From Wahhabi ‘Fundamentalism’ and Salafist ‘Revivalism’ – Understanding Key Streams and Key Movements


  • “Fundamentalism” and “The Islamists”?[1]
  • “Radicalism” and “extremism”:  What is the difference?
  • “Islamism” and “political Islam” : How to differentiate?
  • Ideological Foundations of Islamism
  • Wahhabi ‘Fundamentalism’ and Salafist ‘Revivalism’
  • Islamic revivalism: is it an ideology, class politics or identity politics?
  • Islamism and social movement theory ?
  • Wahhabism influence and the political Islam
  • Wahhabism and Salafism – What is the difference?
  • What founding axioms were carried on from Salafism to Islamism?
  • What “family resemblance” does radical Islamism have with European totalitarianism?

10. Islamism, Radicalism & Moderation : Qutb, Mawdudi, Mahmoodul Hasan Deobandi, Shabbir Ahmad Usmani

  • Sayyid Qutb, Hassan al-Banna, and the Muslim Brotherhood
  • Mahmoodul Hasan Deobandi, Husain Ahmad Madani & Jamiatul Ulama
  • Sayyid Abu Al-A’la Mawdudi and Jamat Islami – Different Versions
  • Shabbir Ahmad Usmani’ and Mufti Taqi Usmani’s approaches
  • Yusuf Al Qardhawi and the Arab Politics

11. Islamization, Democratization or Synthetization? Questions of Compatibility

  • Islam, Democracy, and Human Rights
  • Defining democracy
  • An American concept of democracy
  • Modern democracy – key characteristics
  • Democratic procedures
  • Democratization versus Liberalization
  • Islamic perspectives on Democracy
  • In which ways is Islam compatible with democracy?
  • Do Muslims desire democracy?
  • Is a religious democracy conceivable


12. Islam and Secularism in the 21st century

  • Islam and Secularism
  • Islam and Secularism in the Middle East
  • Colonial package (Modernity, Westernisation and Modernisation)
  • Secularism from the Western perspective – Marginalizing Religion
  • The relationship between religion and the state
  • Secularism from the Muslim world perspective – Marginalizing Islam
  • Europe’s evolution and the Christian reform movement
  • The Origin of Secularism in Muslim Lands and Ataturk Model
  • The rise of secularism in the Muslim world
  • Arab Secularism- An Overview
  • Islamic Critique

13. Religious Authority ( Ulama) and the Islamic Politics?

  • What effect does the absence of a hierarchically organized clergy have on Islam’s political institutions?
  • How did the role of the ‘ulama change during and after the colonial period?
  • In which ways do modern technologies undermine the religious authority of the ‘ulama?
  • Why have the ‘ulama been side-lined in contemporary movements of Political Islam?
  • Why have the ‘ulama been side-lined by liberal reformers?
  • How has the falling fortunes of the Ulama been linked with the status of the Sharia as a source of state law?

14. Managing Islam: Contrasting Examples of the Religion -Politics of Contemporary “Islamic States”

  • Muslim Countries : Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Turkey 
  • What is meant by an Islamic constitution?
  • The Islamic clauses of the Constitution
  • Basic principles of an Islamic State
  • Are constitutional provisions sufficient to make a state “Islamic”?
  • In which sense is Pakistan an “Islamic Republic”?
  • How, and why, does the Iranian model differ from the Pakistani?
  • How has the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reconciled monarchy with Islamic rule?
  • Political Islam in Turkey. Is there in AKP a model for emulation elsewhere?
  • Ayatollah Khomeini and his velayet-i faqih doctrine of government?
  • How does Islam influence foreign policy?
  • Can a meaningful distinction be made between Islam as a policy rationale and Islam as a political discourse?

15. Defining Jihad & Deconstructing Terrorism in the Name of Jihad: Hijacking Islam

  • Defining Jihad and Different Types of Jihad
  • Legitimate warfare in Islam: The origin, the rules & the conditions
  • Is Terrorism Jihad?
  • Legal Definition of Terrorism
  • Transnational Terror in the Name of the Umma
  • Global militant organisations: hijacking Islam
  • Is the term “jihadism” a meaningful signifier of a particular stream of Islamism?
  • What is the relationship between transnational militant actors and state actors?
  • Jihad Versus Terrorism
  • The role of Ulama and Islamic organisations against terrorism
  • The fatwa against terrorism

16. Islamic Code of Ethics for Muslim Politicians

  • Ethics of Power – Nasihat Al-Muluk
  • Islamic code of ethics for election process
  • Islamic code of ethics for politicians
  • Islamic code of ethics for rulers and kings
  • Muslim Minorities and Non-Muslim Countries ?
  • Key Issues and Challenges
  • Participating in politics in the West?

Course Overview

Islam and Politics is a unique course which imparts fundamental understanding of the development and trends in role of Islam in political affairs in a plethora of different political, social, economic and ideational settings across the breadth of the Muslim nations and Muslim governances. It provides critical and comparative analysis of varied manifestations of Islamist politics, trends in Islam as a major force in politics, ideas in classical and contemporary Islamic political thought. It devices critical approaches to the study of Islamic politics and helps learners evaluate the ideas, beliefs, perceptions and convictions of including both Muslim and non-Muslim political thinkers and thought-leaders on relationship between Islam and politics.

 The course unveils a set of interlocating theories, assumptions and paradoxes integral to understanding Islamist political dynamism. It enables clear cut understanding of the critique of western and non-western governances in relationship with the challenge of political Islam.

Main Aims and Objectives

The aim of this course is:

  •  To delve into renewed analysis and approach to fundamental understanding of Islam and politics, past, current and feasible future of Islamic politics, Islamism and politics based on classical and modern literature available on Islam and politics, adhering to divine and immutable nominatives system (Shari`a), the Qur’an and Sunna (traditions of the Prophet) and Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh).
  •  To discuss analyze and decode political discourses, political movements, political ideologies, views, assumptions, conceptions as put forward by the prominent, classical and contemporary Islamist leaders, political activists, Islamism scholars, liberals, socialists etc.
  • To critically evaluate controversies, issues pertaining to political Islam, western imperialism, authoritarian regimes, malleable, cultural conservatism, democratic political system etc.

Learning Outcomes


After successful completion of this course, you will be able to 

  • Understand, analyze key evolutionary, classical and contemporary concepts, conflicts, discourses, arguments, issues, scenarios in relation to Islam and politics – Islamization, democratization, authoritarianship etc. 
  • Identify, explore, evaluate cultural, intellectual, philosophical traces, traits of Islamic thought, Islamic political movements and doctrine and the influence of Islam upon politics, particularly upon politics of Muslim nations or Islamic governance. 
  • Gain knowledge of the theoretical, practical and methodological approaches to critically examining and refining interplay or juxtaposition of Islamic culture, tradition and contemporary global politics. 
  • Acquire analytical tools, skills, capabilities and expertise to redefine and revamp understanding of Islam and politics and thus effectively strategizing Islamist politics. 
  • Develop feasible solutions for numerous global political challenges which are currently confronting Muslim nations, Muslim societies, comprising democracy, freedom, political rights, equality, social justice, civil rights etc. 
  • Critically analyze varied manifestations of the Islamist radicalism, ideological tenets, conceptual forces of Islamic reformism, socialism, revisionism, progressivism and ways to root out problems which impede spread or the implementation of the Islamic governance as a major force in politics. 
  • Deconstruct and demystify falsified westernized portrayal of Islamist political governance, fundamentalism, Islamic authoritarianism, fascism and thus reviving the spirit of Islam in social and political rulings and propagating Islam as ideology in legitimating political regimes


  1. How is this online course structured?

Our online program comprises enriched learning sessions, engaging, on-demand live and recorded video lessons. Our course is innovatively divided into different modules and sub models. The learners can ask questions, get their doubts cleared if they have any. You can get support from our course instructors or academic support team during live sessions or even after the sessions as needed.

  1. How will I get printed certificate?

Right after successful completion of the course and assessment, you can expect to get the certificate from Al Balagh Academy. Your certificate will be emailed to you. You can get it printed or shared with your friends.

  1. What do you mean by 1-to-1 Mentor Support?

We understand you may need personalised support from the mentor. Therefore, we are facilitating one-to-one mentor support to ensure your personal and professional growth. Your personal mentor will be helping you throughout the course with understanding more about anything related to the course. You may contact him by Email, WhatsApp or book an appointment and meet him online.

  1. Is it compulsory to attend LIVE sessions? Will it be count towards the progress of my course?

We always encourage that you should attend LIVE sessions but if, in any case, you miss attending one of the sessions then you can always have access to the recorded session (Yes, you will receive recorded video of the LIVE session you have missed).

  1. When will I have access to the online course material?

Right after successful enrolment, you will get access to myAlbalagh which is our online learning portal where you can get access to the pre-course material. The course content will be released gradually after starting the course.

  1. When will LIVE sessions be scheduled?

Date, Day, and Time for each LIVE session will always be pre-scheduled. To know more about the schedule on live sessions, please, visit “myAlbalagh” and click on the tab “Schedule.” You will get complete details.

  1. What if I am not able to attend LIVE sessions?

If, in any case, you miss attending LIVE session, you can catch up by watching the video recordings later at your convenient time. To get access to the video recordings, you should visit “myAlbalagh” by using your sign-in details. You can get access to “myAlbalagh” through your laptop, desktop or from your mobile.

  1. What if I have questions to ask but can’t attend Live?

Please, get access to “myAlbalagh” and reach “Discussion Board.” It is this place where you can ask questions, discuss and get your doubts cleared. Our support staff will take your queries forward and get answers for you from your course instructors.

  1. How do I interact with my classmates?

You can use “Discussion Board” to get connected to other course learners as well. But we recommend that the discussion here on “Discussion Board” shall be relevant only to the course being taken. Strictly, no personal discussions or chatting.  You can also interact with your classmates in our “Whatsapp Group” exclusive for the course students.

  1. How long will I have access to the online program?

You will have access to the online course content up to 2 years. Please contact our admin team by Email at [email protected] if you want lifetime access.

  1. Are family/group discounts available?

Yes, we provide discount for groups or families who are interested in joining one of our courses. Please, email us to get complete details on it.

  1. I am having trouble signing into my private member portal. What should I do?

In case, if you find any trouble accessing your account then please, contact us immediately. We make sure that your problem gets resolved at the earliest.

To contact,

Email: [email protected]

Whatsapp :

Live Chat Support (9 AM TO 9 PM GMT) :

Mobile (9 AM TO 9 PM GMT):

Learn More About Our Courses?

Email us:  [email protected]

Discuss your opinion with one of our friendly advisers

© Al Balagh Academy 2019 / 1440 هـ