Uṣūl al-Tafsīr- Study of al-Fawz al-Kabīr and Muqaddama of IbnTaymiyya

A special advanced course designed for ʿulamā and advanced students who wish to learn advanced studies of Uṣūl al-Tafsīr through the study of classical kitabs. The course will cover al-Fawz al-KabīrfīUṣūl al-Tafsīrof the great Indian ScholarShah WaliyyullahDihlawī(born 1114/1703, India—died 1176/1762, India), and MuqaddamafīUṣūl al-Tafsīrof the great polymath Ibn Taymiyya(661/1263, in Harran–728/1328, in Damascus)

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Course Team

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Duration: 4+ Months
Effort: 2 to 5 hours per Week
Fees: From £29.99 per month.
Programme: Advanced Fiqh Studies
Level: Level – 1
Prerequisite: None
Language: English
Mode: Online (Live and Interactive)
Video Recordings: Yes
Online Learning Material: Yes

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Course Info

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Add-On (Optional)

Digital Certificate: Free

Printed Certificate: £10

Mentor Support: £50

AlBalagh Scholarship is available for learners who cannot afford the fee.

Main Modules 

1.Life of ShāhWaliyullah

  1. Birth, Lineage
  2. Education
  3. Achievements/ Position
  4. Death
  5. Writings
  6. About al-Fawz al-Kabīr

2. The Five Fundamental Sciences

  1. Intro to Five Fundamental Sciences
  2. Style of the Qurān in expressing these sciences
  3. Cause of Revelation

3. First Science: Polemics

  1. Those who associate partners with Allah (swt)
  2. The Jews
  3. The Christians
  4. The Hypocrites

4. The Remaining Four Sciences

  1. Second Science: Reminders of Favours of Allah (swt)
  2. Third Science: Reminders of the Days of Alah (swt)
  3. Fourth Science: Reminders of Death and what is after it
  4. Fifth Science: Islamic Rulings

5. Hidden Meanings in the Composition of the Qurān

  1. Introduction
  2. The Gharīb of the Qurān
  3. The Nāsikh and Mansūkh
  4. The Asbāb al-Nuzūl
  5. Remaining Topics related to Hidden Meanings

6. Subtleties in the Composition of the Qurān

  1. The Ordering and Style
  2. Division of Surahs, Ayāt and mode of expression
  3. Logic of Repetition, and order of Five Sciences
  4. The ʿĪjaz of the Qurān

7. The Methodology of Tafsir and Differences

  1. Schools of Mufassirīn
  2. Reports of the Muhaddithūn
  3. Other Subtle points- Tawjīh and Linguistic Usage

8. The Gharāib and the ʿUlūm al-Wahbiain the Qurān

  1. Gharāib
  2. Inner and Outer states
  3. Interpretation of Stories of Prophets
  4. Revision of Five Sciences

9. Life of Ibn Taymiyya

  1. Birth, Lineage
  2. Education
  3. Achievements/ Position in Tafsīr
  4. Death
  5. Writings and his impact on Tafsīr
  6. About Muqaddama

10. The Prophet’s (saw) Clarification of the Meaningsin the Qurān

  1. Differences amongst the Companions in Tafsīr
  2. The Next Generations taking of Tafsīr from the Companions
  3. Different types of Differences amongst the Salaf in Tafsīr
  4. The Impact of Sabab al-Nuzūl

11. Sabab al-Nuzūl and Reasons for Differences

  1. Clarification of the understanding of Āyāt
  2. Reasons for Differences amongst the Companions
  3. General Overview of Reasons for Differences

12. The Types of Differences in Tafsīr

  1. Differences due to Transmission
  2. Differentiating between Sound and Weak Transmission
  3. Transmissions of Battles and Events
  4. Our Position on what is transmitted by Ahl al-Kitāb
  5. Khabar Wāhid and ʿIlal in Ḥadith
  6. Ibn Taymiyya’sOpinion on other Tafāsīr
  7. Fabrications in Tafsīr

13. Grades of Tafsīr and Mufassirīn

  1. Position of Mujāhid in Tafsīr
  2. Most Knowledgeable Mufassirīn amongst the Tābiʿīn
  3. When is the Tafsīr of the TabiʿīnProof
  4. The Permissible and Impermissible amongst Tafsīr bi-l-Rā’iy
  5. Ḥadīth considerations between al-Ṭabarī and IbnTaymiyya

14. Differences of Istidlāl in Tafsīr

  1. Its Historical Overview
  2. Writers in History on the Topic
  3. Accounts and Uṣūlof the Muʿtazila and Shīʿā
  4. Ibn Taymiyya’s opinion on Tafsīr of Ibn ʿAṭiyya and his like
  5. Tafsīr of the al-Ṣūfiyya

15. The Best Approach to Tafsīr

  1. Tafsīr of the Qurān with the Qurān
  2. Tafsīr of the Qurān with the Statements of the Companions
  3. The Position of Ibn ʿAbbās and Ibn Masūd in Tafsir
  4. Statements of the Ahl al-Kitāb
  5. An Analysis of the Narrations of Ahl al-Kitāb of ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿAmr
  6. Three types of TafsīrIsrā’īliya
  7. The Best Approach

16. Tafsīrthrough Statements of the Tābiʿīn

  1. The Reliance on the Tafsīr of the Tābiʿīn by the Aima
  2. Role of Mujāhid and Qatāda in Tafsir

Course Features

Duration – 4+ Months

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Professional Admin and IT Support

Live Sessions Every ----

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Certificates

14 Live Sessions ( One / Week)

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Online Assessments (Optional)

24 / 7 Access to Video Recordings and Online Learning Materials

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Live Q & A

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Course Overview

Al-Fawz al-KabīrfīUṣūl at-Tafsīr – “The Great Victory, on Qur’ānic Hermeneutics” is a manual of the principles and subtleties of Qur’ānictafsīr, originally written in Persian by the author. After a comprehensive survey of the contents of the Qur’an, ShāhWaliyuallāh classifies its themes under five fundamental sciences that the Qur’ān contains: the science of judgements (aḥkām), reminding others of the Favours of Allah, the Days of Allah and the Life after Death, and giving particular attention to the science of polemics. He also reviews the other sciences of tafsīr such as the reasons of revelation (asbāb an-nuzūl), abrogating and abrogated āyāt (an-nāsikhwa’l-mansūkh) after discussing the reality of abrogation (naskh), he corrects the later scholars’ over-emphasis on the circumstances of revelation and the unusual words and phrases of the Qur’ān (gharā’ib al-Qur’ān). He concludes by detailing the extraordinary and miraculous aspects of the Qurān.

ShāhWaliyyullāh was born on 4th Shawwāl 1114 AH/10th February 1703 CE in northern India. He was descended from ‘Umar ibn al – Khaṭṭāb and was thus Qurayshī. He had a traditional education in all the classical sciences from his father and other scholars in India before journeying to Makkah from where he returned in 1145 AH/1733 CE with great knowledge of all the major works of ḥadīth.He dedicated the rest of his life to teaching in the Madrasah Raḥīmiyyah and to writing widely on all the known Islamic sciences as well as working tirelessly for the reform of Indian society and the renewal of the dīn. He died in 1176 AH.

MuqaddamafīUṣūl al-Tafsīr– An Introduction to the Sciences of Tafsīr, This is a conciseyet comprehensive work on the principles of Tafsir. The main approach and emphasis of Imam ibn Taymiyyah is the authenticity and reliability of exegesis and the different approaches one must undertake to ensure accuracy in transmitting the meaning of the Qurān. He emphasizes the association of the meaning transmitted from the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhiwasallam to the following generation especially the companions and their differences as well as the reliable amongst the next generation. He presents many arguments to provide weight to this approach and comments about other tafāsīr and mufassirīnas well as sects such as the Muʿtazali and the Shīʿā. The book concludes with the subject of transmission of the Ahl al-Kitāb and the most reliable mufassirīn amongst the Tabiʿīn.

Taqī ad-Dīn Ahmad ibn Taymiyyahborn 661 AH/ 1263Harran, Sultanate of Rum and died 728 AH/ 1328 (aged 64–65)in Damascus, Sham. He was aSunni Muslim theologian, jurisconsult, logician, and reformermember of the Hanbali school of jurisprudenceHe was often viewed as a minority figure in his own time, however in the centuries that followed, Ibn Taymiyyah has become one of the most influential medieval writers in contemporary Islam, where his particular interpretations of the Qur’an and the Sunnah and his rejection of some aspects of classical Islamic tradition are believed to have had considerable influence.His life was that of a religious scholar and a political activist and he left a considerable body of work, ranging from 350 according to his student Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya to 500 according to his student al-Dhahabi. His scholarly output has been described as immense with a wide scope and its contents “bear the marks of brilliant insights hastily jotted down”

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this course, the successful student will:

  • be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of the development of Qur’anic exegesis
  • be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of the Qur’anic hermeunetics through a methodical approach to its exegesis
  • be able to demonstrate a familiarity with the terminology used in Qur’anic exegesis and gharāib
  • be able to understand and apply critically the general principles of Qur’anic exegesis
  • be able to evaluate critically interpretations of the Qur’an in text and other literature
  • be able to apply exegetical methods to the interpretation of the Qur’an
  • be able to recognise and evaluate critically different exegetical types
  • be able to demonstrate independent research, organisation, written and oral communication skills through the presentation of a substantial work

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